Despite trying socio-economic conditions, political uncertainty and tough trading conditions, the franchise sector has held its own over the past four years growing its contribution to the country GDP from 9.7% in 2014 to its present figure of 13,3% and its estimated turnover from R465 billion in 2014 to R587 billion in 2017. This is according to FASA’s Franchise Survey sponsored by Sanlam.
“As a sector, we are doing great things in a tight economy” says Tony Da Fonseca, FASA’s Chairman. “Tracking our success and looking for areas that need improving is part of the entrepreneurial nature that sets us apart as franchisors and franchisees. This is borne out by the fact that 78% of the franchisors surveyed are optimistic about future growth in their businesses, although it dropped significantly in the last year from 92% – a signal that the country’s economic woes are affecting even the most resilient of business people. There is a concomitant increase in the number of franchisors and franchisees that are uncertain about the future, as well as those who believe their turnovers will not change. This is linked to a new franchisee taking longer than previously suggested to break even.”
“Whilst we celebrate our tenacity in staying the course, with an increase in the number of franchised systems to 845, adding much needed small businesses (40 528 franchisees) and employing 343 319 people in our sector, we must be cognisant of subtle undercurrents of uncertainty that the survey has exposed which need to be addressed to make the industry even stronger.”
“As an industry association and given the higher risks in starting a business in such a tight economy,” says Da Fonseca, “we also have to protect prospective franchisee investors from unethical operators and caution them to do thorough investigations into the franchise companies they are considering buying into – and above all make sure that they are members of FASA which offers a certain measure of peace-of-mind given the strict scrutiny franchisors voluntarily submit themselves to.”
With two in three franchisors claiming to have been in business for more than ten years and a further 17% for between 6 and 10 years, the longevity of these businesses supports the success of franchising and supports the mitigation of risk when buying into a franchise.
HIGHLIGHTS OF THE FRANCHISE SURVEY
The estimated turnover for the franchise market is R587-billion, which is 13,3% of the South African GDP.
According to the FASA website, the largest franchise system is the Fast Foods and Restaurant category (25%). The Retail sector at 15% is the next biggest, followed by the Building, Office, and Home Services sector at 13%. Similar in size are Childcare, Education and Training and Automotive Products and Services (9% each), and Health, Beauty and Body Culture at 8%. The other categories are 5% and smaller.
The highest proportion of turnover generated is by the Fast Food and Restaurants sector (29%), which is not surprising given that it is the largest sector. Three sectors share a further 43% of the estimated turnover in similar proportions – Building, Office and Home Services, Retailing and Business-to-Business Services.
South Africa has over 845 franchised systems, as per the FASA website. According to the findings of this study, there are 40 528 stores, 85% of which are owned by franchisees, compared with 95% a year ago. There is an apparent move towards company-owned stores and joint ventures (15% from 5% a year ago).
In 2017, 71% of the franchisors interviewed claimed that they had opened a total of 2,789 businesses, 25% of which were fast foods and restaurants and 26% of which were in retailing; 16% were in the Health, Body and Beauty Culture sector. An estimated 105 businesses were closed down, resulting in a nett gain of 2,184 stores, 26% of which were each in fast foods and restaurants and retailing and 19% in the Health, Body and Beauty Culture sector.
The employee count was pegged at 343 319, with the Retailing sector being the biggest employer. Sixty-five percent of employees are black, 24% white, 6% coloured and 5% Indian. The number of black employees has increased by 8%.
In total, some 20 000 people are employed by franchisors, while 323 592 are employed by franchisees. These figures include both management and staff.
Ownership by Previously Disadvantaged Individuals for 2017 was given at 17%, similar to the 18% mentioned for 2016. There appears to be a slight downward trend in terms of PDI ownership since the 2015 survey, which may be as a result of the changes to the BBBEE Act of 2013. Categories such as Childcare, Education and Training, Personal services, Fast Foods and Restaurants and Building, office and Home services are above average in this regard. Approximately half the sample (56%) did not have any PDI ownership in their businesses at all.
When it comes to business ownership by women, the average percentage ownership is 25%. The sectors with the highest incidence of female ownership are the Health, Beauty and Body Culture and the Childcare, Education and Training sectors.
Most franchisors (78%) are optimistic about future growth in their businesses. Although this is a positive figure, it has dropped significantly in the last year from 92%. There is a concomitant increase in the number of franchisors who are uncertain about the future, as well as those who believe their turnovers will not change.
The number of franchisors who believe that it takes more than a year for a new franchisee to break even has increased markedly from 26% to 40%. A year ago, 73% of franchisors estimated that it would take less than a year for a new business to break even.
Two in three franchisors claim to have been in business for more than ten years and a further 17% for between 6 and 10 years. The longevity of these businesses supports the success of franchising and supports the mitigation of risk when buying into a franchise.
The last year has seen an increasing number of franchisors feeling that their businesses were at Success (achieving and nourishing) stage. The next biggest category is the Mature (control and profit) stage, which remained stable. There is a decline in the number of businesses that are described as being at the Ambitious stage (expanding, taking a risk), with some of these business moving into the Success stage.
Thirty-one percent of the franchisors interviewed claimed to have stores outside of South Africa. Most of these stores are to be found in the neighbouring countries of Namibia and Botswana. Proximity to neighbouring countries, in comparison to countries further afield in East or West Africa, make them more popular choices for expanding outside of South Africa.